Complete Communities

Because everyone deserves a main street.

Everything you need where you live.

A complete community is one offering the full range of shops and transportation options within walking distance of homes. All major rural, suburban and urban development should offer residents a town centre in this way, because it supports every goal that makes cities successful.

Benefits

Lower taxes

Cities can save by building 38% on infrastructure mixed-use, compact development.

LOWER TAXES
38%

Prosperity

65% of money spent in local restaurants is spent again in the local economy, compared to 35% for chain restaurants.

PROSPERITY
65%


Health

Residents meet at least 59% of their weekly physical activity requirements just by living in places where walking is useful.

HEALTH
59%

Sustainability

Households in complete communities produce half as much carbon emissions as those in car-dependent communities.

SUSTAINABILITY
50%

Halifax plans contributing to progress

Integrated Mobility Plan

A big picture plan for how we combine new development with fast transit and bike lanes to get the most out of both.
(Halifax page.)

Centre Plan

Ensures the core of our city will be designed to prioritize people and people-scale development.
(Halifax page.)

Things we need for progress

Local Plans

Every community should have their own plan to define development. The plans for most communities in the region are decades old.

Main street investments

We need $50 million for downtown and $20 million for suburban main streets to ensure our city remains a destination.

Development Charges

Development should be required to pay for its own infrastructure costs, to incentivize growth in existing communities, where it will support local business and cost taxpayers the least.


Our Goals


  • 80% of every resident's weekly needs within walking distance of home.

    Every new community should be designed to ensure everyone has a main street. Where possible, existing communities should be retrofitted to offer all residents the same.

  • 0% new major development that is 100% car-dependent growth

    No new large-scale development should be allowed that fails to offer residents alternative means of getting to stores, work and school than driving.

Development Charges


Right now, when developers build new greenfield developments, they pay to build new roads and pipes for them. They do not, however, pay to maintain and replace those roads and pipes over the decades they will be there. They do not pay for the wear and tear on existing roads downstream or widening roads to accommodate the new traffic. They do not pay for plowing the streets, for garbage pickup, for recreation facilities, for fire or ambulance service, or for police patrols. Developers pay a small upfront cost, but leave the majority of the actual costs of new developments to be covered by taxpayers.

This situation hides the true costs of far-flung developments from both developers and homebuyers. If developers faced the real costs of growth, they would build more compact, efficient development that costs all of us less money. Instead, we are subsidizing and encouraging high-cost, far-flung growth.

The result in Halifax is clear: our taxes are going up more and more just to provide the same level of service.


Consider this: from 1992 to 2014, Halifax doubled in size but only grew in population by one fifth. Basically, we all have far more infrastructure to pay for.

Residents of compact communities are, in effect, subsidizing these new greenfield developments. We can get a sense of that subsidy by calculating how much road we all have to pay for per person in different areas of the municipality. In the Regional Centre, there is between one and seven meters of road per person, depending on the location. Outside the core, there are between ten and thirty meters of road. Not only do we need to pay to maintain these roads—and in many cases pipes along those roads—but any services like garbage and plowing must go two, three or even ten times as far to reach the same number of homes.

If we want to get our taxes under control, we need to make the real cost of homes transparent in their price to incentivize low-cost homes where we already have infrastructure.

Right now, a study is underway to analyze how best to charge for many of these services, called “development charges.” We call on the next Council to implement these development charges in full.